In the final part of my introduction to Scrum, I look at the mind-set and values that are central to making Scrum work.
‘What?’ not ‘How?’
The Scrum Guide specifies the necessary elements of the framework but does not dictate how they should be implemented. This is left up to the Scrum Team to decide for themselves and the implementation often emerges and evolves through the cycles of continuous improvement.
For example, the Scrum Guide talks about the PO role and his or her responsibility for maintaining the Product Backlog. The guide does not, however, stipulate what method or criteria the PO should use to generate and order the backlog or how and where the list should be represented and stored. (Should you use an online system or paper? It doesn’t matter.) This allows for flexibility so that local and organisational context can be taken into account in the implementation.
This flexibility is one of the reasons that makes Scrum so powerful but the simplicity and lack of specific implementation directives makes it challenging to master and is perhaps one reason why there are many examples of Scrum implementations failing.
The ingredient that is so often missed is one of mind-set. It is not sufficient to implement Scrum as a series of tick-box exercises. It takes time and perseverance for a team and an organisation to discover how best to implement Scrum in their specific circumstances.
The Guide addresses this mind-set through 5 values that it identifies as critical to its success. Promoting, encouraging and embeding these within a team can help to ensure the appropriate mind-set is adopted.
Commitment – each team member personally commits to achieving the goals of each sprint
Courage – each team member has the courage to do what is needed and to tackle tough problems
Focus – everyone in the team focuses on the work and goals of the sprint
Openness – everyone agrees to by open about their work and any challenges that they face
Respect – the team members respect one another as “capable, independent people”
To underline their significance, it is worth quoting directly from the guide:
“When the values of commitment, courage, focus, openness and respect are embodied and lived by the Scrum Team, the Scrum pillars of transparency, inspection, and adaptation come to life and build trust for everyone. The Scrum Team members learn and explore those values as they work with the Scrum events, roles and artifacts.”
In many ways, the 5 values are the most important elements of Scrum. Without them, the framework is unlikely to succeed. With them, it can become a powerful force that has the potential to revolutionise the way goals and desired outcomes are achieved.
A look at agile values: https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/values-agiles-toughest-challenge-andy-bleach/
Scrum Guide: https://www.scrumguides.org/scrum-guide.html